The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome or temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Causes of TMJ disorders include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, grinding teeth or clenching, poor posture, stress, arthritis and gum chewing.
Signs and symptoms of (TMJ) syndrome
- Pain in the jaw
- Jaw clicking and popping
- Ear ache
- Popping and clicking sounds in ears when opening and closing
- Stiff or sore jaw muscles, especially in the morning
- Pain in the temple area (side of the head) or locking of the jaw join
TMJ disorders often responds to home remedies, including ice packs to the joint, anti-inflammatory drugs, avoiding chewing gum, gentle stretches /massages of the jaw and neck, and stress reducing techniques. When home treatment does not work, medical treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome includes dental splints (night guard), prescription medications, and in severe cases, surgery.